Overview of UPPCB Consent

The state of Uttar Pradesh has been endowed with a rich culture with abundant biodiversity and natural resources but has also been a major center of industrialization leading to severe environmental pollution degrading the quality of land, water bodies, and air. Hence, to establish measures for environmental protection and enforce strict measures for its prevention, the Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board (UPPCB) was formed in 1975.  This governing authority is primarily in charge of the approval & supervision of adherence to environmental regulations within the confines of the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is entrusted with the duty of overseeing, regulating, and upholding various other environmental legislations applicable within the boundaries of Uttar Pradesh. The authority operates through a network of twenty-five regional offices, with its main headquarters located in PICUP Bhavan, Lucknow.
Consequently, businesses or industries seeking to initiate or modify operations within the boundaries of the state of UP shall be required to obtain an NOC including a Consent to Establish (CTE) and Consent to Operate (CTO) depending on the level of pollutants discharged by the establishment or industry. Additionally, the board has established research centres to conduct testing for air and water pollutants.

Objective UP Pollution Control Board

Under the pursuance of the legislations such as the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1974, Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1981, Environmental Pollution Act 1986, etc. among others, the UPPCB issues directives to industries and manufacturing facilities when they are establishing their operations, intending to ensure a clean environment.

The principal objective of the UPPCB is to effectively manage and decrease air and water pollution within the state by establishing specific rules and regulations. These regulations serve as guidelines for manufacturing establishments offering supervision on the safe disposal of the pollutants released into the environment and ways to lessen them. It gathers data from various sources and shares this information with the Industrial Siting and Town Planning Board. These activities assist the town planning board in making decisions about the location and setup of industrial units, especially in areas that are separate from residential zones.

Role of UP Pollution Control Board

Agile Regulatory Checklist Encourage public awareness through campaigns intended to improve awareness regarding the prevention & mitigation of environmental pollution as well as effective waste management through various media channels.

Agile Regulatory Checklist Collect, analyse, and compile technical and statistical data relevant to air and water pollution.

Agile Regulatory Checklist Establish guidelines for sewage treatment, effluent disposal, and emissions from industrial facilities, vehicles, and healthcare establishments.

Agile Regulatory Checklist Contribute to the advancement of innovative technologies for sewage treatment, effluent management, and pollution control equipment.

Agile Regulatory Checklist Issue NOC certificates to projects falling into different categories, including Orange, Green, and White, based on their compliance with pollution control standards.

Who Needs UPPCB Consent Certificate?

Any business organization that undergoes modifications in its business operations, expansion, or similar changes is obligated to apply for a renewed consent or Consent to Operate (CTO) from the Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Committee. This requirement applies to a wide range of entities, including but not limited to:
Manufacturing enterprises
 Healthcare establishments
 E-Waste management entities
 Entities involved in solid waste management
 Entities engaged in hazardous waste management
 Entities handling battery waste
 Entities involved in plastic waste management
 Entities responsible for the management of bio-medical waste.

Meaning of UPPCB CTE & CTO

Consent to Establish (CTE): UPPCB issues the Consent to Establish (CTE) permit to enable businesses in the state of Uttar Pradesh to commence new operations. This permit serves as a catalyst for pollution management, promotes the adoption of eco-friendly technologies, and ensures adherence to environmental regulations. The application process entails an evaluation of potential environmental impacts, the submission of a project report, and a feasibility assessment. Any failure to adhere to the CTE permit can lead to penalties or legal actions.
Consent to Operate (CTO): CTO certificate, also known as the Consent to Operate (CTO), is a certificate granted by the UP-Pollution Control Board, allowing business establishments in Delhi and its surrounding areas to operate without objection. It guarantees compliance with environmental standards and safety protocols. Industrial and commercial entities within the state of UP must obtain the CTO permit before commencing or continuing their operations, ensuring the implementation of adequate pollution control measures and compliance with environmental regulations.

Categories under UP Pollution

The classification is determined by evaluating the potential pollution levels associated with different industrial sectors, taking into account the types of pollutants likely to be generated based on raw material consumption and manufacturing processes adopted. The categorization of industrial sectors has been outlined comprehensively as follows:


White Category (Score of 20 or less, Encompassing 192+ Existing Industries): The government has introduced the concept of the 'White Category' to identify the least polluting industries. These industries, due to their minimal environmental impact, do not necessitate a consent certificate. Industries falling within this category adhere to UPPCB regulations, with a pollution index ranging from 0 to 20, signifying them as the least polluting type of industry.


Green Category (Score of 21 – 40, Encompassing 91+ Existing Industries): Industries with a pollution index ranging from 21 to 40 are categorized as Green. These industries must obtain consent before establishing their operations. Since these are considered potentially polluting industries, they must secure both consent to operate and consent to establish before commencing activities.


Orange Category (Score of 41 – 59, Encompassing 83+ Existing Industries): The Orange category encompasses industries with a pollution index ranging from 41 to 59. Industries falling into this category are not allowed to commence operations without obtaining a consent certificate. Similar to the Green category, orange category industries must acquire consent certificates before establishing and initiating their industrial activities.


Red Category (Score of 60 or more, Encompassing 60+ Existing Industries): The Ministry of Environment & Forests designates highly polluting industries under the red category. These industries are also prohibited from operating in environmentally sensitive or protected areas. Any industry handling hazardous and noxious materials falls under the red category. Industries within this category are not permitted to operate within the jurisdiction of Uttar Pradesh. Some examples of Red category industries involve those dealing with dangerous chemicals, automobiles, mining, and biomedical waste. The Red category encompasses business sectors with a pollution index exceeding 60.

Benefits of UP Pollution Control Board Consent

Promotion of Sustainable Progress: This involves achieving economic growth while simultaneously safeguarding the environment and ensuring social equity.
Conservation of Natural Resources: The UPPCB NOC also plays a role in safeguarding natural resources, preventing their depletion, and upholding the quality of water and air.
Efficient Management of Waste: Proficient waste management is crucial for environmental and ecosystem preservation. It supervises and enforces effective waste management techniques to encourage the reuse and reduction of various waste types.
Enhancing Public Awareness: It also educates the public by advocating for practices such as the use of paper bags, CFL bulbs, public transportation, and refraining from fireworks. These actions contribute to environmental improvement and enhance the quality of life for Delhi's residents.
Implementation of Energy-efficient Technology: Transforming workplaces into eco-friendly environments by adopting sustainable practices such as solar-powered lighting, transitioning to CNG, replacing incandescent lights with energy-efficient alternatives, and installing low-energy equipment.

Documents Required for UPPCB Consent

Documents Required for Consent to Establish (CTE):
Agile Regulatory Checklist Formal letter of application providing clear updates about the industry and its activities.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Copy of ownership proof, including sale/rent or lease deed.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Constitutional documents such as MOA & AOA, Partnership Deed, and Lease Deed.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Layout plan. and process flowchart, Detailed information about the manufacturing process.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Information regarding water and wastewater balance, Material balance details, and Land use classification.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Auditor's certificate, Copy of Groundwater clearance, Proposal for Sewage Treatment Plant.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Proposal for Effluent Treatment Plant, Measures for air pollution control. Copy of Environmental clearance.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Material safety data sheets (including Risk assessment report, Onsite emergency preparedness plan, and Off-site emergency preparedness plan).
Documents Required for Consent to Operate:
Agile Regulatory ChecklistA compliance statement related to the Certificate to Establish.
Agile Regulatory ChecklistAudited balance sheet.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Details about the actual products manufactured.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Information about any changes in effluent discharge from the industry.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Information about any changes in emissions from the industry.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Details about any changes in the management or Board of Directors.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Analysis report from the wastewater treatment plant.
Agile Regulatory Checklist Analysis report from stack monitoring, Ambient Air Quality (AAQ), and noise level measurements.

Registration Procedure of UPPCB CTE/CTO

Step 1: Determine Industry Categorization: The initial step in obtaining UPPCB NOC involves ascertaining the industry's classification. UPPCB authority categorizes industries into four groups based on their potential for pollution: Red, Orange, Green, and White with every category holding its specific pre-requisites.  In the case of the White category, applicants can submit documents online, and subsequently, an undertaking is generated. However, for the green and orange categories, it is essential to verify if the site falls within an industrial area. If it does, the industry submits the documents through the UPPCB official website.


Step 2: Complete the Application & Document Submission: Manufacturers must complete the application in the prescribed format, providing site details, registration certificates, and other relevant information. This application, along with the required documents and applicable fees, needs to be submitted.


Step 3: Application Review: Once the application is submitted to the General Manager of the District Industries Center (DIC) and regional officials, it undergoes scrutiny in accordance with the specified guidelines.


Step 4: Inspection Process: Following the review of the application by the authorities, an official conducts a field inspection at the site. Based on this inspection, an inspection report is prepared.


Step 5: Issuance of Certificate: Subsequently, the inspection report is carefully examined. If it meets the established standards, the manufacturer is granted the Consent Certificate by the Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board.

Role of Agile Regulatory

Obtaining the UPPCB consent could be a bit challenging due to the complex process of the documents required and the processes involved. However, with the right amount of guidance and consultation, you could easily acquire the same within the prescribed time. At Agile Regulatory we are committed to helping budding entrepreneurs by enabling them to acquire business licenses smoothly and carry on their business.


Once granted the legal validity of the NOC depends upon the category of the industry. While the Validity of Consent to Establish varies from 1-5 years upon the time taken by the industry for its establishment, the Consent to Operate remains valid for a period of 5- 15 years as per the red, orange, and green categories of the industry and once expired, they are also eligible for renewal.

Free Consultation by Expert

Working Process

How we work for our valued customers.


Raise an Enquiry

Raise an Enquiry to get a call back from one of the expert advisor to discuss the specific compliance related toyour business.

Dedicate Manager

Confirm the project, we'll assign you a dedicated manager along with the technical person to take over the project end to end.

Real Time Update

You'll get a dashboard to track the ongoing project along with real time update& 24*7 customer service availability.

Project Completed

We'll share the issued certificate in online as well as in hard copy along with the login credentials once project is completed.