Overview of EPR for Plastic Waste

Any company that brings plastic packaging to the consumer market is subject to extended producer responsibility. The organization must use EPR to treat plastic packaging responsibly to the end of its useful life. Producers, importers, brand owners (PIBO), and plastic waste processors are granted EPR Authorizations by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) for recycling and other uses (such as waste to energy, waste to oil, and industrial composting), as detailed in the Plastic Waste Amendment Rules 2022 by the Ministry of Environment, Forestry, and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

All organizations producing pre- and post-consumer plastic packaging waste must comply with EPR Authorization in order to promote the reuse, recycling, and end-of-life disposal of recycled plastic. Registering with the CPCB and SPCB is crucial. A CPCB registration is required for PIBOs that operate in more than two states or UTs. Before production can begin, an EPR Registration is needed for plastic waste management. As per the latest regulations specified in the Plastic Waste Management (PWM) (Amendment) Rules, 2022, it is mandatory for a PIBO to fulfill all criteria and submit Form I along with an Action Plan that satisfies the standards of the Environmental Protection Act, 1986.

What is EPR?

In order to handle plastic waste and keep it under control, Indian makers and importers of goods are required by law to comply with Extended Producers Responsibility or EPR. To conduct business in India, manufacturers and importers need to get an EPR certificate from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), a division of the MoEFCC, the Indian government.

Concept of Plastic EPR

A concept known as Plastic Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) mandates that makers and manufacturers of plastic items be accountable for the management of their products after the end of their useful lives. Under the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, it is enforced by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and is applicable to any businesses that manufacture, import, or market plastic items in India. The EPR program aims to promote sustainable waste management techniques and lessen the negative effects of plastic waste on the environment. In order to participate in the EPR system, enterprises must register with the CPCB, execute a plastic waste management strategy, and pay a charge for any services the CPCB provides. There may be fines and punishments for breaking the regulations.

Types of EPR Certifications

There are four types of EPR Certifications mentioned below:

EPR Certificate for Plastic Waste Management

In order to encourage environmentally friendly practices in the plastics sector and lessen the quantity of plastic waste that contaminates the environment, the government enforces the EPR regime under the plastic waste management regulations. It has set basic guidelines for the plastics industry, such as proper processing through recycling and end-of-life disposals for repurposing, such as roadmaking, co-processing, Waste-to-Energy, Plastic-to-Oil, and industrial composting. It has also taken on responsibility for the entirety of the lifespan of its goods in order to assist manufacturers in making their operations more sustainable, reduce waste, and promote a circular economy. As a result, sustainable business practices are advanced.

EPR Certificate for E-Waste Management

EPR regulations mandate that producers, importers, manufacturers, and retailers of electronic goods must sell their products in a way that minimizes negative impacts on the environment and public health. EPR goals can be achieved by product collection, reuse, recycling, or disposal at the end of their useful life.

EPR Authorization for Waste Tyre Management

Extended producer responsibility (EPR) obligations are now imposed on all producers, waste tyre recyclers, and re-dealers by the Indian Ministry of Environment, Forestry, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) Amendment Rules. These responsibilities include setting up mechanisms for paying environmental compensation in the event of non-compliance, reaching EPR objectives, and registering. Various standards have been established by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to ensure that regulations are implemented efficiently.

EPR Authorization for Battery Waste Management

Holding manufacturers to take accountability for the product's end-of-life handling is an essential part of E-waste Management, an essential step in guaranteeing that batteries are handled in India in an environmentally friendly manner. All battery types, including lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, and lithium-ion batteries, must comply with these requirements, and the manufacturers must ensure that a certain amount of used batteries are collected and recycled each year.

Importance of EPR Plastic Certificate

The Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2022 established new standards for the PIBOs in order to limit the use of single-use plastic and encourage the development of a circular economy. Getting an EPR registration was one of them in order to manage plastic waste efficiently. Furthermore, a few additional noteworthy modifications included in the revised regulations include:

bullet point Four new types of plastic packaging types 1, 2, 3, and 4 have been introduced and are subject to Extended Producer Responsibility. Key elements of extended producer responsibility (EPR) have been determined to be recycling, reuse, end-of-life disposal, and usage of recycled plastic material. For PIBOs, specific goals have been added to each of the plastic packaging types.

bullet point PIBOs will no longer be released from their EPR objectives by just making up for the target's unfulfilled state. If the goals are not met, they will be carried over to the next year for a maximum of three years.

Bullet point In accordance with its EPR action plan, the SPCB in the state will develop a list of PIBO-specific actions and make them available to the public. Information from the State Nodal Agency and PIBO will be verified by SPCB/PCC and sent to the CPCB.

Bullet point It is now possible to sell extra EPR certificates from other PIBOs. If a PIBO or plastic waste processor is unable to meet their targets, then they may buy certificates of comparable quantity from other PIBOs who have recycled more than their required amount.

Benefits of EPR Certificate for Plastic

Let us now understand the benefits of EPR Certificate for Plastic Waste Management:

Efficient Handling of Waste

EPR helps lessen the negative effects of plastic pollution on the environment by holding manufacturers responsible for the appropriate disposal and recycling of plastic waste. It encourages plastic waste to be collected and recycled effectively, keeping it out of landfills and waterways.

Brand Recognition and Reputation

A key component of the Swachh Bharat Mission is recycling. In the broader market, recyclers and scrap merchants gain recognition. Putting EPR standards into effect improves your brand's standing as an environmentally conscious company. Sustainable business practices are becoming more and more valued by customers. You may win their confidence and loyalty by adhering to EPR requirements.

Safety of the Environment

EPR eliminates pollution and aids in the preservation of natural resources. Consequently, this promotes sustainable development, which is beneficial to both producers and customers.

Avoiding legal repercussions

By guaranteeing adherence to the Plastic Waste Management Rules, EPR registration shows your dedication to environmental responsibility. It assists companies in avoiding fines and legal repercussions for noncompliance.

Financial Possibilities

The recycling industry has more financial potential because of EPR registration. For people and organizations involved in waste management, this industry offers employment and commercial opportunities due to the growing need for plastic waste processors.

Documents for EPR Plastic Certificate

The documents required for obtaining the EPR Certificate for Plastic Waste Management are mentioned below:

Bullet point Proof of a sale made in more than two states, such as a tax invoice or GST invoice.

Bullet point ERP Plan giving the relevant information.

Bullet point PAN of the Company, GST, CIN.

Bullet point A copy of the department's or ministry's clearance to sell the goods.

Bullet point Copies of the collecting centres' agreement.

Bullet point IEC (for importer).

Bullet point Aadhar / PAN of Authorized Person.

Bullet point Copies of the dealer agreement.

Bullet point DIC Registration (If the device is DIC-registered)

Bullet point Copies of the contract with Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities (TSDFs) (for CEEW5).

Bullet point Copies of the contract with recyclers and dismantlers.

Bullet point Self-reporting under the RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) directive.

Bullet point A copy of the International Electro-technical Commission (IEC) certificate granting DGFT license or licensing.

Bullet point SPCB/PCC consents (if the unit has a manufacturing plant).

Process of EPR Certificate for Plastic Waste

    EPR Plastic Registration Process

The process of getting an EPR certificate for plastic waste management is mentioned below:

Step 1: The first step is to fill out the EPR authorization Form I.

Step 2: Attach or upload all required documents, including the PAN card, the business registration certificate, and the proof of address along with the EPR action plan.

Step 3: An authorized organization representative or director must sign each document.

Step 4: Submit the filled application form to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) so that it may be processed and approved.

Step 5: The business will obtain an EPR registration number upon approval of the application, that can be used for future communication with the CPCB.

Step 6: The department will issue the certificate if the paperwork is correct and complete. The business will be issued an EPR registration number upon approval of the application.

In addition, the business will have to pay a fee for the CPCB's services during the EPR program as well as for registration. Through the online portal, the business may monitor the status of their EPR registration and see the reports that have been submitted to the CPCB.

Why EPR Action Plan is required?

The main element of your application for an EPR certificate for Plastic Waste Management is your EPR Action Plan. PIBOs (those operating in more than two states) must carefully draft and submit an EPR Action Plan in order to receive registration from CPCB. Every state or territory where PIBOs are introducing their products must comply with EPR regulations. The volume and kind of plastic that is brought into the market (post-consumer trash) in a certain state or UT should be the same as the EPR objective for that state. The action plan and quarterly report must adhere to the structure outlined in Annexures 1 and 2 in the SPOs for PIBOs given by the CPCB.

Role of Agile Regulatory

If your plastic product is subject to EPR, you can contact the team of Agile Regulatory to register it online through the central EPR portal run by the CPCB. The CPCB mandates that in order to manage plastic waste, the manufacturers, importers, trademark owners, and processors of plastic waste get a registration certificate. PIBOs and PWPs are prohibited from conducting business by the CPCB if they do not possess an EPR certificate for plastic waste management. We are here to assist you in availing the EPR Certificate for plastic waste management.


A newly created registration has a one-year validity period, while a renewed registration has a three-year validity period. Four months before to the Registration's expiration, PIBO must submit the renewal application and the necessary supporting documentation.

Brand owners in the micro and small categories are not required to get EPR certificate or comply with EPR requirements. In compliance with the EPR Guidelines, all remaining entities must register on the Centralized EPR site.

The Plastic Waste Management Rules mandate that producers of plastic waste must take actions to decrease the production of plastic trash, and guarantee that separated garbage is stored at the source, and collect segregated waste in compliance with the regulations. Additionally, the regulations mandate that plastic waste be managed by gram panchayats, shops, street sellers, waste providers, and municipal governments. Producers, importers, and brand owners are all subject to the EPR plastic waste management rules.

You must first fill out the application and attach the required documents, which the CPCB will review. The CPCB may request more information after reviewing the application.

It is necessary for importers to seek for an EPR certificate if they are selling items in plastic packaging. Targets are also set for importers that they are required to meet. It is necessary for importers who also own brands to register separately as an importer and brand owner.

Under EPR, the following types of plastic packaging are covered:

Category I-Rigid Plastic Packaging

Category II- Includes carry bags, plastic sachets, and pouches, as well as flexible plastic packaging either one or more layers with different types of plastic.

Category III- Packages with several plastic layers (at least two layers, one of which is made of plastic and the other two of which are not).

Category IV - Includes biodegradable plastic carry bags and similar plastic sheets used for packaging.

Every PIBO and plastic recycler must register with the SPCB of the relevant state or union territory to be subject to the EPR registration requirements.

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